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jeudi 20 juillet 2017

Rivest Lecture 17: Introduction to Electronic Voting: Analysis: really interesting.

Stalin: “He who votes determines nothing; he who counts (by hands of course) the votes determines everything.”Résultat de recherche d'images pour "electronic vote"
Résultat de recherche d'images pour "electronic vote"Lecture 17: Introduction to Electronic VotingRésultat de recherche d'images pour "electronic vote"
April 8, 2004 Scribe: Ben AdidaRésultat de recherche d'images pour "electronic vote"
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Thus, we need verifiability of the vote counting process, making it electronically compatible. .
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remeber the Help America Vote Act of 2002 (HAVA) which
allocated $3 Billion over 4 years to help States purchase new voting equipment.
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stones ! paper ! levers ! punch cards ! mark-sense ! computers
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Existing Schemes
A number of existing voting schemes are in use today. These schemes each have advantages
and disadvantages. With respect to the security goals, here’s how they stack up. (This
chart is very rough, and its entries debatable.)
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Honest Cast as Counted Verifiable
Intentions Intended as Cast as Counted
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Y Y Y Y Archaic Hand-Counted Paper Ballots
N? Y Y? Y Absentee / Vote-By-Mail
Y N? N? N? Lever Machines
Y Y Y/N? Y Optical Scan
Y N? N? N DRE (touch-screen)
N? N? N? N Internet / remote
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Controversy
The voting debate is relevant because it has recently become quite controversial, specifically
on the topic of DRE machines (Direct Recording by Electronics),Résultat de recherche d'images pour "electronic vote" often called touch-screen
machines (even though not all of them have touch-screen). The particular questions raised
about DRE:Résultat de recherche d'images pour "electronic vote"
• Does it need a Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT)? In case of an audit
inconsistency, what is the authoritative copy of the vote: the paper or the electronic
record?Résultat de recherche d'images pour "electronic vote"
• Can we build them securely?Résultat de recherche d'images pour "electronic vote"
• How can we provide truly private and secure voting for people with disabilities?Résultat de recherche d'images pour "electronic vote"
Should we have one technology for all voters or a diverse set of technologies for various
voter needs?
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Cryptography Should Be Helpful
All previously mentioned complications “feel” like they should be solvable using cryptography’s
usual “bag of tricks.” Thus, cryptography should be helpful.Résultat de recherche d'images pour "electronic vote"Résultat de recherche d'images pour "electronic vote"

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